Having just learnt what C# game variables are and that they store values that represent the data in our games, it is probably obvious that these values held by our variables will need to be changed as the game is played. For this we need C# operators. Operators in C# are just like mathematical operators we used in school. Many of them are the same symbol. Let’s start by looking at a list of some of the most useful C# operators.
Here is a list of some of the most useful C# operators that allow us to do things with our game’s variables. The assignment operator which we have already seen =. This makes the variable to the left of the operator the same as the value to the right. For example look at other ways we might use the C# assignment operator:
// Player gets a new high score hiScore = score;
// Set the score to 100 score = 100;
The addition operator +. This adds the values on either side of the operator. It is usually used in conjunction with the assignment operator, such as:
// Add to the score when an alien is shot score = aliensShot + wavesCleared;
or this code:
// Add 100 to whatever the score currently is score = score + 100;
Notice that it is perfectly acceptable to use the same variable on both sides of an operator.
The subtraction operator -. This subtracts the value on the right side of the operator from the value on the left. It is usually used in conjunction with the assignment operator, perhaps like in this C# code sample:
// Uhh, I'm dead lives = lives - 1;
// How many aliens left at end of game aliensRemaining = aliensRemaining - numberAliensDestroyed;
The division operator /. This divides the number on the left by the number on the right. Again, it is usually used with the assignment operator, like this C# sample:
// Make the remaining hit points lower based on the value in swordLevel hitPoints = hitPoints / swordLevel;
// Give player something back for recycling a block recycledValueOfBlock = originalValue / .9;
Obviously in the previous example the variable recycledValueOfBlock will need to be of type float to be multiplied by the value .9.
The multiplication operator *. Perhaps unsurprisingly, multiplies variables and numbers, such as:
// answer is equal to 100 - of course answer = 10 * 10;
// biggerAnswer = 1000 - duh biggerAnswer = 10 * 10 * 10;
Now we can look at incrementing and decrementing.
Incrementing and decrementing
The increment operator ++: This is a really neat way to add 1 to the value of one of our game’s variables.
This C# code:
// Add one to myVariable myVariable = myVariable + 1;
is the same as this:
// Much neater and quicker myVariable ++;
The decrement operator --.This is a way to subtract 1 from something(you probably guessed).
playerHealth = playerHealth -1;
is the same as:
You will get a chance to practice what you have learnt in this and the previous tutorial about game variables when you try the Unity mini-project Unity & C# part 1. I would recommend doing the next C# tutorial first however. In the next tutorial, Conditions and decisions, we will try using some declarations, assignments and operators. When we bundle these elements together into some meaningful syntax, we call it an expression.